A flat tyre can be an inconvenience at best and a safety hazard at worst. As a car owner, you should be familiar with the basics of tyre maintenance and repair. While most tyre issues can be fixed with a simple repair, some require replacement. This guide will cover the common types of tyre damage, how to perform basic repairs and when to take your car to a professional.
Understanding Tyre Damage
The most common types of tyre damage are punctures, cuts and sidewall damage. Punctures are caused by nails, screws or other sharp objects piercing the tyre. Cuts occur when the tyre hits a sharp object like glass or metal. Sidewall damage is caused by hitting kerbs or other hard objects. Depending on the extent of the damage, a tyre can often be repaired.
Tools You'll Need
To perform basic tyre repairs, you will need a few tools, including a jack, lug wrench, pliers and a tyre repair kit. The kit should include rubber cement, tyre plugs and a tyre gauge. A spare tyre, or a can of tyre sealant, is also a good idea to keep in your car for emergencies.
How to Fix a Tyre
Step 1: Remove the tyre from the car using the jack and lug wrench.
Step 2: Use pliers to remove any object that's stuck in the tyre.
Step 3: Take the repair kit and insert a tyre plug into the hole where the object was removed.
Step 4: Apply rubber cement around the plug to seal the hole.
Step 5: Use a tyre gauge to check the pressure in the tyre, and inflate if necessary.
Step 6: Replace the tyre on the car, using the lug wrench to tighten the bolts in a star pattern.
When to Seek Professional Help
While basic repairs can be done at home, there are some situations where you should seek professional help. If the tyre has a large or deep cut, the sidewall is damaged or there is a bulge or bubble on the tyre, it should be replaced. Driving on a damaged tyre is dangerous and can lead to a blowout. In addition, tyres that are nearing the end of their lifespan should be checked regularly and replaced if necessary.
Auto tyre repair doesn't have to be a daunting task. With the right tools and a little bit of knowledge, you can perform basic repairs at home. However, it's important to know when to seek professional help and when to replace a damaged tyre. Regular maintenance and inspections can help prevent flat tyres in the first place. By following these tips, you can keep your car tyres in good condition and stay safe on the road.
For more info about auto tyre repair, contact a local company.